SEATTLE, Washington — President Donald Trump signed the Taiwan Allies Worldwide Safety and Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI) Act of 2019 into regulation on March 26, 2020. The TAIPEI Act of 2019 seeks to strengthen Taiwan’s worldwide alliances in response to Chinese language strain. It additionally requires the U.S. to cut back its financial, safety and diplomatic engagement with nations whose actions undermine Taiwan. The Chinese language authorities criticizes the TAIPEI Act as interference in China’s home affairs and a “extreme violation of the one-China precept.” The laws emerged after China pressured eight nations to chop diplomatic ties with Taiwan following the 2016 election of pro-democracy president Tsai Ing-wen.
The Taiwan Allies Worldwide Safety and Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI) Act of 2019
The TAIPEI Act (or S. 1678) declares that the U.S. ought to assist Taiwan in its efforts to construct and strengthen its regional and international relationships. Notably, the act asks U.S. overseas policymakers to think about altering the U.S.’s worldwide relationships. The U.S. would increase its financial, safety and diplomatic engagement with nations which have clearly enhanced their relations with Taiwan. Conversely, the laws calls on the U.S. to “alter” relations with nations that undermine Taiwan’s nationwide safety or financial pursuits.
In accordance with the TAIPEI Act, U.S. overseas coverage should embody assist of Taiwan’s admission into “all worldwide organizations during which statehood shouldn’t be a requirement,” organizations that the U.S. additionally participates in. Moreover, U.S. representatives ought to “use the voice, vote and affect of the USA to advocate for Taiwan’s membership or observer standing in such organizations.” Moreover, the U.S. must also advocate for Taiwan’s membership or observer standing in applicable worldwide organizations as part of related bilateral talks with the Individuals’s Republic of China.
The Act additionally requires the U.S. Secretary of State to supply annual reviews to applicable congressional committees. These reviews will present regulation to verify the U.S. retains in accordance with the coverage objectives. The congressional committees that the Act deems applicable are the Committees on Overseas Relations, Appropriations and Finance within the Senate and the Committees on Overseas Affairs, Appropriations and Methods and Means within the Home of Representatives.
The Legislative Course of
Senator Cory Gardner [R-CO] launched the TAIPEI Act within the Senate on Could 23, 2019. The Senate learn the Act twice, then referred it to the Senate Committee on Overseas Relations. The invoice had seven cosponsors (5R, 2D).
On September 25, 2019, the Committee on Overseas Relations ordered a report with an modification for all the Senate to think about. The next day, the invoice appeared on the Senate Legislative Calendar beneath Basic Orders. On October 29, 2019, the TAIPEI Act unanimously handed within the Senate with an modification.
The Home acquired the S. 1678: Taiwan Allies Worldwide Safety and Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI) Act of 2019 on October 31, 2019. The Home referred the Act to the Committee on Overseas Affairs and to the Committee on Methods and Means.
On March 4, 2020, the Home voted on the TAIPEI Act beneath “suspension of the principles,” which means that the invoice wants a two-thirds majority to cross. The Home normally makes use of the process of voting beneath “suspension of the principles” when a invoice is noncontroversial. The invoice handed the Home with modifications by a margin of 415-0 (220D, 194R).
On March 11, 2020, the Senate agreed to the modification to S. 1678 by unanimous consent, which means that the TAIPEI Act handed each chambers in equivalent type. The President acquired the invoice on March 16 and on March 26, 2020, President Trump signed the invoice into Legislation No: 116-135.
– Sarah Frazer