Analyzing Brick Kiln Slavery in Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Slavishly laboring for 14 hours a day, six days every week and 10 months a yr describes the lifetime of Gul, a Christian Punjabi man, who works at a brick kiln outdoors of Lahore, Pakistan. He’s one among presumably 20 million bonded debt laborers residing in slavery in Pakistan, working for pennies and underneath abhorrent situations.

Trendy-Day Slaves

Laborers like Gul normally promote themselves into bondage to brick kilns or are recruited by jamadars, who act as foremen. The jamadars pay them upfront of their work with the stipulation that they bond themselves to landlords till they clear their debt. Complete households will enter into debt-bondage underneath this settlement, and the landlords cruelly exploit them.

Employers topic these laborers to debased remedy whether or not male or feminine, younger or outdated, merely to repay loans amounting to a mean of simply Rs.2,500 ($75). With a every day wage of between Rs.80 and Rs.120 ($2.40 – $3.60), employers deduct 50 p.c to repay the laborers’ loans, exhibiting that the system is actually rigged towards an individual’s probabilities for freedom. Debtors, regardless of their greatest efforts, usually can not ever repay their employers. In consequence, they grow to be trapped in not solely a vicious cycle of debt but additionally a cycle of abuse with little recourse provided for escape.

When Human Rights Watch Asia interviewed brick kiln employees in 1995, it compiled a troubling variety of assaults. In a single account, a jamadar broke a laborers arm for easy errors in his work. In one other, a jamadar beat a employee unconscious after which locked them in a small shed with no meals for 3 days. HRWs’ report incorporates dozens of comparable incidents.

The Situations for Girls

Girls working on this prison-like atmosphere face bodily and sexual violence as nicely; situations of rape are hauntingly frequent. Moreover, the slavers anticipate the ladies to work whereas pregnant and with no pay as a result of the employer doesn’t acknowledge them as impartial employees.

“We’re probably the most scared, notably for our daughters,” Mariam, a bonded laborer from a brick-kiln close to Mirpur Khas, states. “The abuse we endure at work wouldn’t appear so dangerous if at night time we may go to houses that the malik (employer) didn’t management.” Employers train unique rights over these indebted to them. They’ll freely prohibit laborers from taking additional work elsewhere or drive them to dwell on-site, generally with armed guards holding watch.

Mariam’s’ fellow bonded employees share her needs for privateness and a brief escape from the worksites, however maliks don’t need to threat their belongings escaping. In reality, the maliks use collective abuse to brutally punish households if even one among their members escapes. All through the lengthy workday, the slavers inflict related bodily abuse on the laborers that don’t dwell on-site as nicely.

A Pakistani Paradox

The structure of Pakistan truly forbids slavery and compelled labor. In reality, the Bonded Labour Abolition Act of 1992 and the Nationwide Coverage and Plan of Motion on Bonded Labour in 2001 have been enacted to be able to cease such practices. Whereas Islamabad acknowledges that bonded labor is a serious drawback, it has not successfully enforced home and worldwide labor legal guidelines.

Raja Abbas, the president of the Affiliation of Community for Group Empowerment, has been working for the rights of brick-kiln employees. He says, “We have to urge provincial governments to virtually implement the Bonded Labour System Abolition Act 1992, put together provincial plans of motion and take all different steps essential to finish this slavery.” Solely by critical actions can the federal government successfully change the system.

The street in direction of sustainable options for slavery in Pakistan remains to be unclear by way of battling a corrupt and unpredictable authorized framework. Home initiatives, along with worldwide ones by organizations just like the United Nations, is significant to enacting lasting, significant change. Gul, Mariam and hundreds of thousands identical to them rely on and deserve freedom and deliverance from this corrupt system.

– Invoice Coz
Picture: Flickr

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