ABUJA, Nigeria — Boko Haram, a militant extremist group primarily based in Nigeria, has continued its marketing campaign towards Nigeria’s authorities in an assault that left 60 folks lifeless in January 2019. Fashioned in 2002, Boko Haram has constantly waged battle on the folks of Nigeria in an try to erase all Western affect. Regardless of Boko Haram’s rising numbers, world organizations and even people, reminiscent of Aisha Gombi, have made it their mission to cease Boko Haram’s violent assaults.
Boko Haram Assaults in Nigeria
Whereas Boko Haram’s preliminary platform revolved round opposing Western training for Nigeria’s youngsters, its focus turned to militant pressure and assaults in 2009. These assaults have included the kidnapping of help employees and Nigerian youngsters (often used as youngster troopers), bombings and the torching of army bases and help buildings, which occurred within the newest assault. Nigeria’s army and help organizations have had a tough time responding to Boko Haram assaults. In the latest assault in Rann, a camp internet hosting 1000’s of displaced individuals, a number of survivors reported that the Nigerian military had deserted the camp the day earlier than Boko Haram arrived.
Rann has now been the goal of three Boko Haram assaults between 2018 and 2019. The primary strike resulted within the loss of life of three help employees and the kidnapping of three extra. Since Boko Haram started its official armed revolt towards the Nigerian authorities in 2009, a complete of 27,000 have been killed and one other 1.eight million rendered homeless. Whereas the numbers are daunting, a number of nongovernmental organizations are nonetheless making an attempt to help these displaced by Boko Haram, in addition to forestall future violence.
The Work of Amnesty Worldwide
Amnesty Worldwide, a nongovernmental group with a deal with addressing violations of human rights, has been paying shut consideration to Boko Haram. The group has even begun to depend on satellite tv for pc imagery to maintain up with the vary and degree of destruction brought on by Boko Haram’s assaults. After the January assault, the group reported that its use of satellite tv for pc imagery revealed that almost all of burned buildings have solely existed since 2017, suggesting that Boko Haram had torched non permanent shelters constructed for displaced individuals.
Amnesty Worldwide has additionally carried out environmental sensors within the areas more than likely to be attacked by Boko Haram. These sensors have been capable of alert the group to fires within the Rann space in actual time, permitting Amnesty to place collectively a plan of response because the assault unfolded. Along with combating human rights violations, this group calls on the governments of nations experiencing assaults to type an enough response. After studying that the Nigerian military had pulled out of Rann, leaving the folks extra weak, the group’s response was swift.
Osai Ojigho, Director of Amnesty Worldwide Nigeria, admonished the dearth of safety provided to the folks of Rann, stating: “Boko Haram has persistently and intentionally focused civilians in Rann, which makes the Nigerian authorities’ failure to guard folks all of the extra unacceptable.” Ojigho has referred to as for the Nigerian authorities to maintain troopers in weak areas to forestall future Boko Haram assaults.
Whereas Amnesty Worldwide works to handle Boko Haram’s brutality on a big scale, one Nigerian girl has made it her mission to battle the insurgency on the bottom, armed with just a few troopers. Aisha Bakari Gombi, identified throughout Nigeria because the “Queen Hunter,” is likely one of the few girls employed by the Nigerian authorities to battle Boko Haram. An skilled hunter, Aisha offered her stitching machine and purchased a brand new rifle when Boko Haram attacked her village, deciding to pursue Boko Haram troopers on her personal.
Aisha leads a small military of males aged from 15 to 30, counting on the usage of signal language and animal sounds to stay undetected by Boko Haram troopers. By these strategies, Aisha has been capable of rescue a whole lot of kidnapped people. As the simplest Boko Haram fighter, Aisha is usually referred to as upon for her talents however isn’t paid by the Nigerian authorities. With out essential assets, Aisha has had bother persevering with her efforts. Nonetheless, she nonetheless makes each try to finish Boko Haram’s reign, typically counting on donations from civilians or her personal funds.
Whereas Boko Haram has accomplished a substantial amount of injury to the nation and folks of Nigeria, many are working to quell the group’s assaults and finally, cease them altogether. With organizations like Amnesty Worldwide persevering with to work on the federal government degree and people like Aisha Gombi forming a resistance on the bottom, it’s hopeful that Boko Haram assaults will come to an finish.
– Holli Flanagan